SEMINARIO: Large scale cortical networks for controlling motor and cognitive functions. Prof. Elena Borra , Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Italy.

Seminario:  Large scale cortical networks for controlling motor and cognitive functions.

Conferenciante: Prof. Elena Borra, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Italy.

Graduated cum laude in Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technologies (Master Degree) at the University of Parma in 2003, she received the PhD in Neuroscience, at the University of Parma in 2008. During the PhD she made a one-year internship (2007-2008) at RIKEN Brain Science Institute (Japan), in the laboratory “Cortical Organization and Systematics,” headed by Dr. Kathleen Rockland, and continued the collaboration after the PhD as Visitor Scientist (2009). From 2009 to 2012 was a Post-doctoral fellow at the Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma. In these years she worked mainly under the supervision of Prof. Giuseppe Luppino and participated to a collaboration with Prof. Wim Vanduffel (KU Leuven, Belgium). In 2013 she was a Post-doc at the Italian Institute of Technology (IIT, Genova, Italy) at the Brain Center for Motor and Social Cognition, headed by Prof. Giacomo Rizzolatti. In 2014 she started as Researcher a tenure-track at the University of Parma and from January 2017 she is Associate Professor of Physiology at the Department of Medicine and Surgery of the University of Parma. Since 2009 she collaborates in several projects supported by national and international grants. Since 2008 she has been invited to give talks in several Universities and international meetings. She is author of 28 articles on the connectional architecture of the non-human primate brain, with 1254 citations in 715 documents (h-index: 16, Scopus).


 Resumen: Cortical functions result from the conjoint function of different, reciprocally connected areas working together as large-scale functionally specialized networks. Architectonic, connectional, and functional data have provided evidence for functionally specialized large-scale cortical networks of the macaque brain involving temporal, parietal, and frontal areas. These networks appear to play a primary role in controlling different aspects of motor and cognitive motor functions, such as hand action organization and recognition, or oculomotor behavior and gaze processing. Based on comparison of these data with data from human studies, it is possible to argue that there is clear evidence for human counterparts of these networks. These human and macaque putatively homologue networks appear to share phylogenetically older neural mechanisms, which in the evolution of the human lineage could have been exploited and differentiated resulting in the emergence of human-specific functions higherorder cognitive functions.

Fecha y hora: Viernes, 11 de enero de 2019.

Lugar: 13 h. Seminario IV.

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